• Aa, Pierre Van der

    1659 - 1733

    The Dutchman Pieter Van der Aa was a publisher, editor and bookseller who worked in Leiden in Holland. He started working as an apprentice to a bookseller when he was nine years old and started publishing his own books by the time he was twenty three. He published numerous atlases and travel books.

    His maps are very stylish and decorative. Koeman lists seven different maps of China by Van der Aa between 1707 and 1729 but a number of these are the same map in a different publication. I believe he only published two or three different projections of China. This early eighteenth century map has an unusual shape for Korea but quite a good shape for Formosa for the knowledge of the time. A decorative vignette in the bottom right hand corner shows two Chinese men trading in the foreground with a city and pagoda in the background.

    Tooley’s Dictionary of Mapmakers Revised Edition A - D

    Antique Maps Moreland and Bannister

    Atlantes Neerlandici 1967 Dr Ir. C. Koeman

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  • ARROWSMITH, JOHN

    1790 - 1873

    1790 - 1873The English mapmaker John Arrowsmith was a founder member of the Royal Geographical Society in London. He was the nephew of Aaron Arrowsmith who started one of the leading English map publishing houses in the first half of the nineteenth century. Aaron started the company in 1790. After his death it continued to be run by his sons Aaron Jnr and Samuel and then by John.

    The Arrowsmith family built up a reputation for compiling maps and wall charts showing the latest discoveries and the most up to date information of all parts of the world.

    Tooley’s Dictionary of Mapmakers Revised Edition A – D

    Antique Maps Moreland and Bannister

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  • BERTIUS, PETRUS

    1565-1629

    Petrus Bertius was born in Beveren, Flanders, on November 14, 1565. He became the brother-in-law of Pieter van den Keere and Jodocus Hondius, both famous cartographers with whom he collaborated. He settled in Amsterdam and after finishing his studies, he became Professor of mathematics and librarian at the University of Leiden. In 1618 he was appointed cosmographer and historiographer to Louis Xlll of France.

    His enormous working power resulted in many geographical and theological works. The larger part of his works was devoted to theology, his fame among geographers was established by his text in the pocket atlas Tabularum Geographicarum Contractarum 1600 and by his edition of Pholemy’s Geographia in the Theatrum Geographiae Veteris 1619.

    Tooley’s Dictionary of Mapmakers Revised Edition A - D

    Atlantes Neerlandici Dr Ir. C. Koeman

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  • Bonne, Rigobert

    (1727 - 1795)

    Rigobert Bonne was an engineer, mathematician and cartographer from Raucourt in France. He succeeded Nicolas Bellin as hydrographer of the Depot de la Marine in 1773. He produced numerous maps between 1762 and 1790.

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  • Bowen, Emanuel

    1720 - 1767

    The Englishman, Emanuel Bowen, map and print seller, was engraver to George II and to Louis XV of France and worked in London from about 1714 onwards producing some of the best and most attractive maps of the century. Bowen produced a number of maps and atlases of different parts of the world. He was one of the leading 18th century map and printsellers and engravers in London, and operated from various addresses.

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  • Cary, John

    1755 - 1835

    John Cary was an English cartographer, engraver, globe maker and publisher. He had premises firstly in the Strand and then in St. James’s Street, London. In 1794 he was the surveyor of roads to the General Post Office.

    He was regarded as one of the finest English cartographers. He started working at a time when the large scale English County maps had recently become available, roads were being used as never before and accurate geographical information from distant countries was being received in ever increasing detail. His fine craftsmanship and ability as an engraver enabled him to make the fullest use of these sources and from them he produced a wide range of maps of great accuracy and clarity. His work covered not only county maps but world atlases, road maps, town and canal plans, sea charts and terrestrial and celestial globes.

    Tooley’s Dictionary of Mapmakers Revised Edition A – D 1999

    Antique Maps Moreland and Bannister 1993

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  • CASSINI, GIOVANNI MARIA

    1745 - 1824

    Giovanni Cassini was a painter and engraver who worked in Rome at the end of the eighteenth century. He was a student of the famous Italian artist of architecture, Giovanni-Battista Piranesi, who he worked with. His maps are distinctive and beautifully engraved. He produced some of the most beautiful maps of the late eighteenth century.

    Tooley’s Dictionary of Mapmakers Revised Edition A – D 1999

    E. Benezit Dictionnaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs. 1976.

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  • CLUVER, PHILIPP

    1580 - 1623

    Philipp Cluver (Cluverius) was a geographer who came from Danzig(Gdansk) He studied at Leiden and Oxford and settled in Leiden. He specialised in historical geography and his publications made a wide and influential contribution to the subject. His Introductionis in Universam Geographicam was first published in 1624. It went into a number of editions into the eighteenth century with the maps being re-engraved and revised.

    Tooley’s Dictionary of Mapmakers Revised Edition A – D 1999

    Antique Maps Moreland and Bannister 1993

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  • De Fer, Nicolas

    1646 - 1720

    Entry 82. in states the following :

    Nicolas De Fer was a French geographer, engraver and publisher of considerable creative ability who held the office of Geographe de sa Majeste Catherine. He was extremely prolific, producing some 600 maps and several atlases – the Atlas Royal (1695) and Atlas Curieux (1700-1705) among them. While he nevertheless acquired a considerable reputation in his lifetime. Moreland & Bannister note that “today his maps are still popular, in spite of, or perhaps because of, their rather flamboyant decoration and for their geographical errors”

    Mapping The Continent of Asia, by Michael Sweet / Antiques of the Orient

    Antique Maps Moreland and Bannister 1993.

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  • de Vaugondy, Robert

    1688 - 1766

    The Robert de Vaugondy family were French cartographers who were descendents from Nicolas Sanson. Sanson was regarded by many as the founder of the great age of French cartography in the second half of the seventeenth century. Gilles Robert de Vaugondy inherited much of Sanson’s cartographic material which he and his son Didier revised and corrected with the addition of many new place names. The elder Robert de Vaugondy, Giles, is also know as Le Sieur or Monsieur Robert.

    One of the great atlases that the Robert de Vaugondys’ produced was the Atlas Universal of 1757 containing over 100 splendidly engraved maps. Some of these maps were beautifully decorated with magnificent rococo cartouche.

    Antique Map Moreland and Bannister

    Bel et Utile. The Work of the Robert de Vaugondy Family of Mapmakers. 1992
    Mary Sponberg Pedley

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  • Hall, Sydney

    fl. 1818 - 1853

    The London firm of Sydney Hall  were engravers and publishers of maps and atlases. They were operating in the first half of the nineteenth century. After Sydney Hall died in 1831 the business and engraving was carried on by his wife Selina (S.) Hall until 1853.

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  • HONDIUS, JODOCUS

    1563 - 1612

    Jodocus Hondius was an engraver and instrument maker who became one of the most notable mapmakers of his time. He was born in Flanders and bought up in Ghent where he apprenticed as an engraver. In 1584 he went to London to escape the religious troubles in his home country. In England he met a number of leading scientists and geographers of the time. He produced a number of maps and portraits. In 1593 he moved to Amsterdam where many Antwerp printers, publishers and engravers had gone and together they established a new centre of cartography. He set up business in Kalverstraat. Assisted by his bother-in-law Petrus Kaerius, another talented engraver, he produced maps for the atlas Caert Thresoor. He also produced wall charts and globes.

    In 1604 Hondius bought the copper plates for the Mercator Atlas from the Mercator family. He continued to work on the atlas and produced 37 more maps which he published together with the originals in his World Atlas of 1606. The maps were beautifully engraved and many of them were more up to date than those of his rival Abraham Ortelius which appeared in the popular Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. The Mercator Hondius Atlas was a great success and was to be published in a number of different languages.

    Atlantes Neerlanici Koeman p.156

    Collecting Antique Maps Jonathan Potter p.123

    Antique Maps Moreland and Bannister p.102

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  • JANSSON, JAN

    1588 - 1664

    Jan Jansson was born in Arnhem where his father was a bookseller and publisher. In 1612 he married Elizabeth Hondius, daughter of the cartographer and publisher, Jodocus Hondius, and settled in Amsterdam. He became a book publisher and produced a large quantity of maps in rivalry with the great Dutch map publishing family of Blaeu.

    From about 1630 to 1638 he was in partnership with his brother in law, Henricus Hondius issuing further editions of the Mercator / Hondius atlases to which his name was added. On the death of Henricus he took over the business and along with many new publications he expanded the publishing of the atlas to an 11.volume Atlas Major.

    The heirs of Jansson continued publishing until the end of the seventeenth century.

    Tooley’s Dictionary of Mapmakers

    Atlantes Neerlandici Dr Ir. C. Koeman

    Antique Maps Moreland and Bannister

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  • KITCHIN, THOMAS

    1718 - 1784

    The Englishman Thomas Kitchin (1718 - 1784) was an engraver, publisher and hydrographer to the King of England. He worked in London in the middle of the eighteenth century.

    Tooley’s Dictionary of Mapmakers R.V.Tooley 1979

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  • Kitchin, Thomas

    1718 - 1784

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  • Laurie, Robert & Whittle, James

    c.1755 - 1836

    The English publishers Laurie and Whittle started their business in London in about 1790. They took over the stock of Robert Sayer’s publishing house in 1792-93. The company’s prolific output covered maritime atlases and charts as well as general atlases and sheet maps. Many of the publications were based on the works of the British geographers and publishers, Kitchin, Jeffreys, Faden and Sayer and Bennett.

    Antique Maps Moreland and Bannister

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  • MALLET, ALLAIN MANESSON

    1630 - 1706

    Allain Manesson Mallet was a French engineer who travelled widely. In Paris in1683, he published a five volume book entitled, Description de L’Univers. The work was extesively illustrated with nearly 700 engravings, including miniature maps, charts , plans and views. Miniature Antique Maps Geoffrey King

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  • Mannevillette, Jean Baptiste N. D. Apres de

    1707-1780

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  • Mercator, Gerard

    1512 - 1594

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  • Munster, Sebastian

    1489 - 1552

    Sebastian Munster  was a professor of Hebrew at Basle University and an eminent hebraist, mathematician and geographer. He produced his own edition of Ptolemy's Geographia in 1540, adding a number of significantly new maps to the modern section of the work. There were further editions of the Geographia in 1541, 1542, 1545 and 1552. These were all printed at Basle with Latin text. His two major works the Geographia and the Cosmographia continued to be published by his step-son, Heinrich Petri, long after Muster's death of the plague in 1552. Later editions of Munster's Cosmographia included updated maps.

     

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  • NIEUHOFF, JAN

    1618 - 1672

    The Dutchman Jan Nieuhoff accompanied the Dutch mission to China from Jakarta in 1655. Nieuhoff provided an account of the embassy which was published by Van Meurs’ in Amsterdam in 1665. It contained a map and some of the earliest illustrations to appear in Europe of the Chinese hinterland and interior and of China and its Cities. It was the most important European source of information about China in the seventeenth century. His work proved exceptionally popular, being translated into French, German and English in the following years.

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  • ORTELIUS, ABRAHAM

    1527 - 1598

    Abraham Ortelius was born in Antwerp on April 4th 1527. He studied Greek, Latin and mathematics. At the age of 19 he had become a colourist of old maps and he developed quite a talent for this art. This was a time when most map colouring was done by children. As he developed into a book and map dealer, cartographer and publisher, his sister Anne joined him and took over the colouring which she continued to do for the rest of her life.

    He became a book, print and map dealer and attended the Frankfurt book fair. It was at this book fair in 1554 that he met Gerard Mercator. A lasting friendship developed. He traveled extensively around Europe and as a result he learnt many languages. In 1564 he published a world map in eight sheets of which only one copy is known to have survived.

    In 1570 he produced his magnificent atlas Theatrum Orbis Terrarum or Atlas of the Whole World. The Theatrum was the first uniformly sized, systematic collection of maps and therefore the first atlas, although the term atlas itself was not used until twenty years later by Mercator. Most of the maps in the Threatrum were elegantly engraved by Hans Hogenburgh and the publication was so successful that it was published in numerous editions in different languages. New editions included addenda issued from time to time incorporating the latest contemporary knowledge and discoveries. It grew from 53 maps to 166 maps. Ortelius listed his sources of information and in the first edition acknowledgement was made to eighty seven different cartographers.

    Abraham Ortelius became the Royal Cartographer to Philip II King of Spain. Philip sent him a golden necklace worth one thousand ducats.

    He died on the 28th of June 1598 at the age of 71.

    Ortelius Atlas Maps Marcel P.R. van den Broeke
    Antique Maps Moreland and Bannister

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  • ROSACCIO, GIUSEPPE

    c.1530 - 1620

    The Italian cosmographer, Dr Guiseppe Rosaccio was most active towards the end of the sixteenth and the beginning of the seventeenth century. He produced a number of small books from 1592 onwards, which were illustrated with some unusual woodcut maps.

    Ronald Vere Tooley Tooleys Dictionary of Mapmakers 1979.

    Geoffrey King Miniature Antique Maps 1996.

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  • Sanson, Nicolas

    1600 - 1667

    Nicolas Sanson was Geographer to the King of France, Louis XIII. Sanson is regarded as the originator of The great age of French cartography. Sanson was born in Abbeville where as a young man he studied history, particularly of the ancient world, and it is said that he turned to cartography only as a means of illustrating his historical works. For this purpose he prepared a number of beautifully drawn maps, one of which, after he move to Paris, came to the attention of Louis X111. In due course the King appointed him 'Geographe Ordinaire du Roi', one of his duties being to tutor the King in geography. In preparation of his major atlas, Cartas Generales de Toutes les Parties du Monde, Sanson employed a number of engravers, one of whom, M. Tavernier, engraved important maps showing the Post Roads and River and Waterway system of France (1632-34) and a map of the British Isles (1640). In all, Sanson produced about 300 maps of which two of North America were particularly influential: Amerique Septentrionale (1650) and Le Canada ou Nouvelle France (1656), the first map to show all the Great Lakes. After Sanson's death the business was carried on by his two surviving sons and grandson, in partnership with A. H. Jaillot. It is generally accepted that the great age of French cartography originated with the work of Nicolas Sanson but credit must go also to A. H. Jaillot and Pierre Duval for re-engraving his maps, many still unprinted at his death, and re-publishing them in face of strong competition from the Dutch, who continued to dominate the market until the end of the century. A good impression of this map of Asia. This map was first published in the 1670 edition of Sanson's atlas, "Cartes Generales de Toutes les Parties du Monde".

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  • Sayer, Robert

    1725 - 1794

    Robert Sayer was a publisher, map and print seller who worked in London in eighteenth century. He worked with a number of leading mapmakers before setting up a partnership with John Bennett in 1770. They acquired part of the stock of Thomas Jefferys particularly his charts and continued to revise and publish the spectacular charts of America and Asia.

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  • Seutter, Matteus

    1678 - 1757

    After serving an apprenticeship to J.B. Homan, the Nuremberg map publisher, the German mapmaker Matteus Seutter set up his own very successful business in Augsburg and was appointed Geographer to the Imperial Court. With his son, Albrecht, and son-in-law, Conrad Lotter, he issued a number of atlases. For much of his life he worked in competition with his old employer and, not surprisingly, his maps are often very similar to those of Homan.

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  • SPEED, JOHN

    1552 - 1629

    John Speed is probably the most famous English mapmaker. He was born in Cheshire in 1552. He lived in Moorfields in London with his wife Susanna who bore him twelve sons and six daughters. He became a freeman of the Merchant Taylors Company like his father. He followed his father’s trade as a tailor until about the age of fifty. From a young age he pursued his passion for history and cartography. He produced maps for the Queen and the Merchant Tailors Company. As a result of his joining the society of Antiquarians his mapmaking skills came to the attention of Sir Fulke Greville, who became his patron. Queen Elizabeth granted him the use of a room in the Custom House.

    His maps are distinctive and decorative and are filled with historical detail and heraldic devices. Speed was influenced by the earlier works of Saxton, Norden and others, however much of the up-to-date information especially relating to the town plan details drawn on his maps was his. He must have wasted little time in his preparatory work for the first individual maps. For his atlas, Theatre of the Empire of the Great Britain all Speed’s draft material was taken to Amsterdam, to be engraved by the talented Dutch engraver, Jodocus Hondius, the plates were then returned to London for printing.

    In 1627, just before he died, Speed published A Prospect of the Most Famous Parts of the World which became the first World Atlas produced by an Englishman.

    Antique Maps Moreland and Bannister

    Collecting Antique Maps Jonathan Potter

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  • TALLIS, JOHN

    1818 - 1876

    John Tallis was one of the most successful English publishers of the nineteenth century. He first published the Illustrated Atlas in 1851 which featured a series of beautifully engraved maps of different countries of the world. The atlas was a compilation of information from explorers, geographers, artists and natural historians from all around the world. It reflected the geographical political, commercial and statistical world of the mid-nineteenth century.

    These maps were drawn and engraved by John Rapkin and the vignette views were drawn and engraved by a number of prominent artists. Leading cities and towns are shown along with national costumes, and indigenous flora and fauna. The vignettes also reveal other things such as gold washing in California, clipper ships in the harbour of Hong Kong, the splendours of Polynesia, developments of New Zealand and Australia, the bridal chase of the Tartars, the great sphinx and pyramids in Egypt, a convoy of diamonds in South America, along with many other wonders.

    The Tallis Illustrated Atlas was a classic publication of its time. The maps were engraved on steel plates and they continued to be revised until about 1865. This was one of the last great decorative atlases issued in the tradition of the Dutch atlases of the seventeenth century. It was one of the first to be published in both London and New York.

    John Tallis’ partnership business, “The London Printing and Publishing Company” continued to flourish until the 1870s. Sadly the business ended in bankruptcy when they attempted to take over the enormously popular Victorian newspaper The Illustrated London News which is still produced today.

    Antique Maps Moreland and Bannister

    The Illustrated Atlas of the Nineteenth Century World Introduction by Jonathan Potter.

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  • WILKINSON, ROBERT

    fl. 1785 - 1825

    The English mapmaker and publisher Robert Wilkinson was working in London at the end of the eighteenth century and the beginning of the nineteenth century.

    Antique Maps Moreland and Bannister

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  • WYLD, JAMES

    1790 - 1836

    James Wyld was an English geographer who worked in London. He was geographer to the King and a founder member of the Royal Geographic Society. He produced a number of atlases.

    Tooley’s Dictionary of Map makers R.V.Tooley

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  • ZATTA, ANTONIO

    fl. c. 1775 - 1797

    Antonio Zatta was a Venetian cartographer and publisher who was working in the second half of the eighteenth century. He was working at the time when the English navigator, Captain James Cook was making new discoveries in the Pacific Ocean and around Australia and New Zealand.

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